Picture of a train crossing the Grand Trunk viaduct
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Port Hope Worthies: Bletcher-Evatt-Furby-Marsh-Ward
Hospital: The Founding
Misc: The Ganaraska Watershed 1944
Business: Cosy Theatre-Facey-Johnston
Maps: Goad Insurance Maps 1904
People: Port Hope Group c1901
Churches: Kentucky Belle

from The Ganaraska Watershed  1944
Town, Village and Rural Communities
[a] The Indian Period:
It was at the mouths of North American rivers that the red man congregated on his carrying-places and that settlements grew up; it was at the mouths of rivers that the white man usually landed and colonization began. This was true in the case of the Ganaraska.

In the days of the unwritten past, one tribe of Indians seems to have superseded another on the Ganaraska—an area of densely wooded country with varied forest growth and rolling terrain cut by multifold valleys through which the river and its tributaries flowed.
Although the discovery of a fulsom point at Rice Lake, dating from this era, indicates that Indians hunted intermittently not far from the area, evidence points to the fact that hunting in primitive times was more sporadic here than in certain other areas in Ontario.

Coming across the centuries to modern times, the earliest record of any tribe having access to this region is of the Huron which was in possession of the hunting, trapping and fishing on the north shore of Lake Ontario by the early seventeenth century.

How early in the history of the continent the secluded valley of the Ganaraska was explored by the white man cannot definitely be stated, but, prior to 1639 when the Iroquois commenced a series of raids on the Hurons, it is recorded that: "They almost destroyed the Huron Mission and rendered life so unsafe along the north shore of the lake that it was almost deserted for many years."  read more